Friday, September 2, 2016

How to Teach Addition Without Using Fingers

How many of your students use their fingers to add numbers? Here are some basic tips to start your students off in the right direction to master addition skills. Students should master each step before moving on to the next step. The goal is to help students see numbers in a different way which will help them think about the numbers instead of counting on their fingers. Here are the steps that will help students become proficient!

First, teach the numbers that make 10. For example: 1+9, 2+8, 3+7, 4+6, and 5+5. Students should be able to recognize these pairs of numbers instantly. This will help them later on too. If students know that 3+7=10, then they would know that 30+70=100. Plus, our place value system is based on tens. Students need to proficiently know these pairs that make 10. If you need extra practice, try this pack of making 10.  
 What Makes 10?
 Combinations of 10 Game
Here is a FREE game to learn the combinations or pairs of 10. This is a great game to help memorize the pairs. Just click the picture on the left to download this free game. 
Next, teach adding a 10 to a number. For example; 3+10. This should be done with no thinking. Counting by 10's from any number is essential! They should NOT be counting 10 more on their fingers. This needs to be automatic. They should be able to count by 10's going forward and backwards from any number. Students should also be proficient at counting 1 more and 1 less from any number. Here is a FREE resource to help with adding and subtracting by 1's and 10's.
 Adding and Subtracting by 1s and 10s

Then, teach adding a 9 to a number. For example: 3+9. If they know how to add 10, they just subtract 1 less. This will help exercise the brain moving forward and backwards on a number line. Most students need help seeing the 9 in the equation. Sometimes they sit and stare at the addition fact with a blank stare until I say, "I see a 9." Then right away they know what to do. It's training the brain to see the 9 and connecting it with a trick they know. If you know how to add 10, then you can add 9 with ease. This is helpful when subtracting too. Students really need to be proficient in counting forward and backwards on a number line with simple arithmetic like 1 more or 1 less. 

After, teach the doubles. For example: 5+5 or 6+6. Students should know their doubles without thinking. They should not be adding on their fingers a double. These need to be memorized. Doubles come in handy when thinking about other addition facts. Doubles also help when learning multiplication. Know those doubles! They should also recognize the subtraction fact family of a double too. If they know that 6+6=12, then they should begin to recognize that 12-6=6. Students can do a lot when they know their doubles. 

After you teach the doubles, you can work on doubles +1. For example: 6+7. Some people like to call these numbers, neighbors, because they are neighbors or next door to each other on the number line. For this addition fact, you can see 6 and 7 are neighbors on the number line. If you see a neighbor, you take the smallest number, double it, and add 1 more. As students become proficient, they will begin learning tricks and seeing numbers differently. Their brain learns to look for combinations of numbers and connecting it with what they know. 

Finally, students should be proficient in adding 2 more or 3 more to a number. They should already know how to add 1 more with ease. Adding another 1 is simple. Once these steps are masters, students will be thinking in their heads combinations of numbers, looking for pairs that make 10 or a double, and begin using a strategy other than their fingers. When they get to a fact like 4+7, they may think, "I know that 3+7 is 10, therefore 4+7 must be 11." or they may think, "I know that 4+4 is 8, therefore 3 more make 11." Or they may think, "I know that 4+6=10, then 1 more would make 11." These 3 examples use strategies other than fingers.

The best way to learn these strategies is to practice, practice, and practice. We can't be good at something if we don't practice. Right? 

Teaching to take numbers apart like using Number Bonds and connecting them with what you know is very helpful. I found a YouTube video that explains Number Bonds pretty well.  Click here to watch a video about Number Bonds. 

Here are some fun resources that will help master addition facts and to practice the strategies listed above. 
 Fact Drills using Addition and Subtraction  Add 1 Subtract 1 Add 10 Subtract 10  Addition using 3, 4, 5, and 6 Addends  Addition Games  Addition task cards using single digits  Super Power Thinking Game Boards
I hope these tips are helpful in mastering addition facts. 
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Click the picture below to find more
addition and subtraction resources:

 Addition and Subtraction Resources for the classroom
Click the picture below to check out other FREE math resources
from Teacher's Take-Out:

 Free Math Resources from Teacher's Take Out

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Wednesday, August 17, 2016

Mini Workbooks for Math and a Freebie from Each One

I have a variety of Mini-Workbooks to try that support some math standards. Each Mini Workbook has a FREEBIE included so you can see what the worksheets look like. All Mini Workbook Worksheets are a half sheet displaying a math standard. 
Collect and assemble all the FREE examples from each pack to create a mini, mini-workbook. 


 Mini workbook using 2 digit addition and subtraction
 Mini Workbook 2-Digit Addition/Subtraction using word problems has 40 half sheets. Each sheet includes 2 word problem questions or 1 page for students to write their own word problem. Below is a FREE example of using 2-digit addition and subtraction word problems. 
 Free 2 Digit Word Problem Mini Workbook

 Simple Addition and Subtraction Word Problems using Single Digits
Here is a more simple version of Addition and Subtraction Word Problems. This pack would be perfect for 1st graders or for beginning students who are just learning math word problems. This pack includes 40 half-sheets all about word problems for single digit. Click the example page below to download a FREE example worksheet from this pack. 

 Mini Workbook for Simple Addition and Subtraction Word Problems

The next set of Mini-Workbooks are all about Place Value. Each pack includes 40 half sheets working on place value standards. Choose the Mini-Workbook right for your students: 2-Digit, 3-Digit, or 4 Digit. Each FREEBIE is below the cover page. Just click the worksheet that best fits your students or grab them all!

 Mini Workbook using 2 Digit Numbers Place Value using 3 Digit Numbers Mini Workbook Place Value using 4 digit numbers
 Free 2 Digit Mini Workbook using Place Value            Free Mini Workbook using 3 Digit Place Value            Free Mini Workbook using 4 Digit Place Value

 Mini Workbook using Time and Elapsed Time
Mini-Workbook using Time and Elapsed Time has 32 half sheets. Each half sheet displays a clock and students need to answer 4 questions about the time on the clock. These are perfect for 3-5th grade classrooms or for those needing more practice with elapsed time.   Free Mini Workbook Time and Time Elapse Trial

Hopefully there is a skill here that your students need more reinforcing and practicing. These mini-workbooks can be used for morning work, classwork, centers, free time, early finishers, or for exit tickets! 

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Sunday, August 7, 2016

FREE Word Family Lists using CVC Words

 Free CVC Word Lists
I have a fun FREEBIE for K-1 classrooms. These Free CVC Word Family Lists include 31 little pages to assemble into a book or to be placed on a ring. Students will be able to practice reading CVC words and learning to rhyme! Just click the picture to download this freebie!


 CVC Rhyming Worksheets
Need more rhyming practice? This pack has 36 worksheets to help students practice rhyming and reading CVC words. This pack uses only CVC words with a mix of vowel sounds to help beginning readers.

 CVC Rhyming Strips
CVC Rhyming Strips are great for small group time or reading centers. These strips are fun to hold and use as students read a list of words to find the word that rhymes with the picture. These rhyming strips will be a great addition to your rhyming unit for beginning readers.


Here are more resources using CVC Words for the classroom. These are a perfect addition to your CVC unit! They are engaging for students and easy for teachers to implement to use at reading centers. These task cards will surely have your students mastering CVC words! 
 CVC Picture Cards  CVC Sentences for Reading Comprehension CVC Word Strips
This CVC Worksheets pack includes 30 worksheets for 
beginning, middle, and end sounds. 
All worksheets use CVC words using a mixture of vowels. 
 CVC Worksheets for beginning, middle, and end sounds
I hope the FREE CVC Rhyming Word List Booklet helps your young readers get off to a great start!

Happy Reading and Rhyming!!
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 Classroom resources using phonics by Teachers Take Out
Click the picture on the left to find more classroom resources using Phonics by Teacher's Take-Out.

Monday, July 18, 2016

Free ABC Order Strips

 Free ABC Order Strips
Free ABC Order Strips! These ABC Order Strips can be used for a variety of resources in the classroom. Laminate and cut into strips. Place strips in a cup for students to grab when they need them. The strips will help students put words in ABC order. Use the ABC Strips for small group time or as part of your lesson. They make great bookmarks too! Also included are black and white copies! 


 ABC Order to the 3rd Letter
These strips are also included in the ABC order packs for 1st, 2nd and 3rd letter. These packs will help students practice ABC order. Each pack includes Task Cards, Centers, and Worksheets. These ABC order packs also come bundled.
 ABC Order to the 2nd Letter  ABC Order to the 1st Letter

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